The Aichi Biodiversity Target 3 "Incentives Reformed" is a difficult topic as it requires knowledge of both natural and social sciences, and the combined efforts of different branches of government.
The JWCS Aichi Target 3 Committee was formed in 2012, linking researchers and NGOs, in order to study and advise on stimulus measures that affect biodiversity, both positively and negatively.
The new Strategic Plan of COP10 (a.k.a. the Aichi Targets) envisages a world where "biodiversity is valued, conserved, restored and wisely used, maintaining ecosystem services, sustaining a healthy planet and delivering benefits essential for all people."
Of the twenty items of the Aichi Targets, this interim report aims to provide information on Target 3 from the viewpoint of civil society in Japan.
Looking back, the two international treaties signed at the Rio Earth Summit of 1992, (the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC ) which led to the Kyoto Protocol, and the Convention on Biological Diversity) marked the approach to a turning point in the manner of human progress. UNFCCC put pressure for change on the old fossil-fuel civilization (the disposable, non-recycling culture) which was dependent on massive use of non-renewable resources. CBD likewise warned of the fragility of a system where mankind alone flourished, driving other species to extinction, and pointed us in the direction of constructing a “culture of life” (a society respecting diversity and sustainable production) mutually dependent with the circle of life.
Though the actual content of the treaty is inadequate, we must direct our attention to its inherent possibilities.
Above all, there is a huge disparity between the goals of the biodiversity treaty and the reality we face. The accumulated projects advanced as a framework of progress are like a net of weeds, so overgrown that, even now, the main problem is that it is difficult to see where to start on the process of review and adjustment. The present situation is that the inconsistencies in numerous areas are becoming manifest. To clarify the whole problem, which will take a huge amount of time and effort, we make it our task with this project to address current and future policy (on subsidies and other stimulus measures), to point out contradictions and problems, as well as items of positive significance, in order to reveal our next starting point, the current situation.
The first task is to address the clarification of problems and contradictions, which can be done by grasping the problems of a few typical cases where such contradictions arise. This requires an accurate grasp of what is happening on the ground, above all, in our own region.
Chair, JWCS Aichi Target 3 Comittee
This interim report presents information on the following topics.